The main questions for behavior analysis are which factors, in a given historical situation, influence what someone does, and how these factors can be changed in order to affect behavior. The relationship between a specific act and the context in which it occurs is the point of interest.
Acceptance and commitment therapy is based on Relational Frame Theory (RFT). The basic premise of RFT is that human behavior is governed largely through networks of mutual relations called relational frames. These relations form the core of human language and cognition, and allow us to learn without requiring direct experience. For example, a cat won’t touch a hot stove twice, but it needs to touch it at least once to get the hint.
Pre-conference has just completed at ACBS WorldCon in Seville, Spain. For the last two days, the leading thinkers in contextual behavioral science have led experiential workshops on the compassionate mind, functional analytic psychotherapy, process-based therapy, language in psychotherapy, and much more.
How do we motivate young people to grow and develop? We know that criticizing them usually isn’t motivating, but what about encouraging them to believe they have talent? Youth psychologist, Louise Hayes, PhD, explains research findings that caution against the praise of talent and offers other forms of effective encouragement.
The key idea in using compassion focused therapy (CFT) is to train our minds to focus on compassion and to activate compassionate ways of responding in order to better regulate our feelings. By doing so, we stimulate specific biological systems in our brains designed to calm down the threat-detection system.
What nagged at me most was that discussions of evidence-based practice usually positioned science as the royal road to discovering the world as it really is. I wasn’t sure how this fit with the social work value of respecting multiple ways of knowing, especially cultural and spiritual ways. Things changed when I saw Steven C. Hayes give a talk on acceptance and commitment therapy.
To give a very complicated question a simple answer, gender is both (1) how you express masculinity, femininity, or for most people, some mix of the two and (2) how your identity, or sense of self, relates to masculinity and femininity.
ACT co-founder, Steven Hayes, PhD, speaks to Kal Kseib from The Psychologist magazine about the possibility inside of pain, his words of advice for new clinicians, and the future of evidence-based psychology.